A collection of research papers I wrote while completing my B.A. in History at California State University – Chico. PDF versions with full footnotes included on the appropriate pages.

From the Mouths of Peasants: The Political Speech of Russian Peasant-Soldiers During World War I

A study of Russian-language letters composed by peasant-soldiers fighting for Russia during WWI on the eastern front. Particular focus is given to the rise of political speech and its relation to the Bolshevik Revolution.


Public Spectacles and Divine Justice: The Collapse of Public Executions in England 1730-1840

Investigation into the decline of public executions in England and its relation to the industrial revolution and the appearance of a middle class within English society in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Previously published in The Chico Historian – Vol 28, 2018


The Causes of Collapse: The Death of the Federalists and the Legacy of America’s First Political Party

Research into the collapse of the Federalist Party following the War of 1812, and the co-opting of its political platform by Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans.

Previously published in The Chico Historian – Vol 27, 2017


Course Proposal: American History pre-1877, Historiography and Debate

A college-level course proposal I designed to be an introduction to historiography as a concept, as well as a thorough examination of historical theories and ideas regarding early American history.